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ENDTRY RETURN lReturnValue ENDFUNC ENDDEFINE As we can see, this is a much simpler way to implement the solution. This is a simplistic example, but all we are really interested in is the error handling. The user cannot be relied on for anything. Also, we have full control over what is to happen if an error does occur.

Note that Case 3 and Case 6 are seen as virtual equivalents by calling code, irrespective of the choice of calling environments. Ill defer this one to someone else. Tough call. For example, suppose the line MyForm.Refresh()in a TRY block produces an error.

Consider this example:DEFINE CLASS TestClass AS Custom FUNCTION Execute TRY xxxxxx CATCH TO oEx MESSAGEBOX("Error!") THROW oEx FINALLY MESSAGEBOX("Cleanup Code") ENDTRY MESSAGEBOX("More Code") ENDFUNC ENDDEFINE In this example, the syntax error Figure 2: Respecting the user's privacy, they are allowed to view what the error report contains before it is sent. This isn't so easy, since the Error() event doesn't have any access to the return value of this method.One possible solution would be a local ON ERROR statement instead of the There is no way to retry or ignore the error.

Suite 300 Houston TX 77379 USA Voice+1 (832) 717-4445 Fax+1 (832) 717-4460 Email: [email protected] On Error Namespace: Wiki Edit -Find- Recent Changes Categories Road Map [A-F] [G-P] [Q-Z] New Topic Home So TRY-CATCH-ENDTRY is for me as global errorhandling not acceptable because debugging is with ON ERROR easier. That's about all there is to it. LPARAMETERS tnError, tcMethod, tnLineNo messagebox( 'error #' + transform( error() ) + ': "' + message() + '"' + chr(13) ; + 'program: ' + Program( Program(-1)-1) + chr(13) ; +

The code then proceeds as planned.Note that the Catch-block may raise another error that will then be handled by the "outer" Catch-block (which simply sets the return value and gives up).There ENDIF ENDIF With: TRY use xyz * this way, the same CATCH will handle errors * on instancing Word, or on attempting to open * a Word document oWord = CreateObject("word.application") Any code in FINALLY block is executed(a) and then Error 2059, "Unhandled Structured Exception," is generated and trapped by Error() method of calling object. You would be better off handling the situation at run time by displaying a message like "Please open another file.

In all cases for this column, if an ON ERROR routine is also in effect, it is never triggered. First of all, it allows building self-contained objects. The outer handler takes care of errors in the event that TRY...CATCH…FINALLY does not contain any CATCH statements or if no CATCH statements exist that can handle the error. Thank you in advanced to those of you that decide to do so.

so one can make his own exception-class that can get stackinfo in its init-event. I added a wish to the wish-list at www.universalthread.com: New _Vfp-Properties ExceptionClass and ExceptionClassLibrary, like MemberClass/MemberClassLibrary in Grid, Pageframe ... A form is provided that allows you to submit an issue manually as a customer would and also to throw an error to see how the error handler works in an this doesn't execute because our error was not handled in the ...

This object is rather simple. Clean up? (the stack automatically cleaned up) CASE INLIST(oExc.ErrorNo,1,2,3) && etc * Fatal errors (table corruption, etc) MESSAGEBOX('A fatal error has occurred. For this reason, Visual FoxPro 3.0 (the first "Visual" version of FoxPro and also the first version that supported object-oriented development) introduced an Error() event. Yes, for new applications, a TRY as the first line of the main program, and CATCH...ENDCATCH at the end emulates ON...ERROR plus benefits (THROW anywhere, etc).

When in Development Mode, it's always useful to handle errors differently than in Production Mode. IMHO, I think, like a noble wine, VFP gets better with the time. OTHERWISE * display a generic message, maybe * send high priority mail to an administrator ENDPROC Handling Errors in Classes and Objects When an error occurs in method code, Visual FoxPro However, there are scenarios that can greatly benefit from using the finally-block (which we will examine further down), making the use of FINALLY a good idea in general.One last remark about

Note however, that the error may have occurred before Word ever got instantiated. The CATCH statement can contain optional TO and WHEN clauses. So let's see what happens when the card number is invalid.First of all, the ChargeCard() method instantiates a class called CreditCardException and passes some detailed error information to its constructor. Sometimes you might want to define code that runs as cleanup code, whether an error occurred or not.

Following the above logic, the answer is a definitive NO and Yes :-). If I wrap a TRY/CATCH around the WITH/ENDWITH above, you get a "RETURN/RETRY statement not allowed in TRY/CATCH" error, so there goes that idea. This is geared to .Net, but most of the concepts are the same: http://msdn.microsoft.com/msdnmag/issues/02/11/NETExceptions/default.aspx You can't THROW out of a DLL, but you can let the Error method trap the exception In total, however, the object might require a very complex error handler.Another problem is that this type of error handler makes it very difficult to "exit gracefully" whenever an error has

Exception Objects When an error occurs in the TRY block, Visual FoxPro automatically creates an Exception object, which contains details about the error. Secondly, it splits the gigantic task of handling errors globally, into smaller, more digestible pieces. If any error occurs in the program, the application will execute Catch statememts, then Finally section and then exit. Error handlers can make use of other services.

All we really check for is the error number. I'd support: ON ERROR for global error-handling and TRY...CATCH "as local as possible". In this particular example, those are all the errors we are really interested in. ELSE * Check to make sure the main menu still "looks good" * (so the user can still access the application features) ENDIF * Event handler: READ EVENTS CATCH TO oExc

See Error Handling, On Error, Error Event Strategy Category Developer Productivity, Category Error Handling, Category Exam 70-155 Hot Topic Contributors: Carl Karsten Edit -Find- Recent Changes Categories Road Map [A-F] [G-P] ENDIF ENDFUNC ENDDEFINE This is an acceptable solution, but there are difficulties with this approach. Note that the try block stops executing as soon as an error occurs. MESSAGE(2) often equals "ENDTRY" in the case of unhandled structured exceptions.

Using the following modified version of your code works though:

 WITH CREATEOBJECT("theScriptingWrapper") .doScripting() IF .ok * other Code ? "C" ENDIF * clean up * response to webserver ? "D" In fact, some modern languages like C# have only structured error handling. First of all, the method might call out to other methods that may reset the error handler or point to a different handler. This means that the very last MessageBox() will never be executed. 

ERROR The requested URL could not be retrieved The following error was encountered while trying to retrieve the URL: http://0.0.0.9/ Connection to 0.0.0.9 failed.